Ikiniken igrikkiyen

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Win yuγen tanumi yeqqar libriwat, ur yegguni ara libri-yagi akken ad yissin azal n tfiluẓufit. Maca yeẓra d akken iẓuran n tfiluẓufit fkan imγi di tmurt n Tegrikt. D Igrikkiyen i s-yefkan isem, i s-igan ccan, i tt-yesulin sennig tmusniwin nniḍen.

Timura yeṛwan assa-agi, tidak yenernin, neγ ma tram amḍal umalu, ukint zik s wannect-agi. Si zik i zzint γer tala n tmusni : tala tagrikkit. Deg-s i d-ugment ayen akk swayes ssulint taγerma-nnsent d yedles-nnsent. Γer Yegrikkiyen i lemden ameyyez d wawal, γer Yegrikkiyen i lemden ameslay d wazal n umeslay. Igrikkiyen m ara gerwen, ur gerrwen akken ad slen i win igelden fell-asen, gerrwen akken ad meslayen ger-asen. Yal Agrikki γur-es tilelli n umeslay. Yal Agrikki γur-es ṛṛay, γur-es tikta-ines. Igrikkiyen ur ttaggwaden ara ameslay. Ula d lekteb ttakken-as azal, imi qarren d akken lekteb d abrid yettawin γer tidett. « Igrikkiyen n zik ur ttlumun ara γef win yeskeddiben, ttlumun γef win yettamnen. » akka i s-yenna Nietzsche.

Igrikkiyen, llan am yegduden nniḍen, ttamnen s igennawen, ttidiren s leqwanen n igennawen. Awal, imiren, di tallit taṛkayit, yettunefk kan i tlata yemdanen : agellid, aguram d umedyaz. Tlata-yagi, d wiggini i wumi qarren : « Imawlan n tidett ». Amezwaru, γur-es tazmert; wis-sin yettkacaf; ma d wis-tlata yettwali ayen ur ttwallin ara yemdanen nniḍen, isel i wayen i wumi ur sellen ara wiyiḍ. Ttγilen-as d timuzatin i yessefruyen iqurra-nnsen. Ttγilen-as d akken imedyazen ssnen tameslayt tagenwit.

Igduden n Tegrikt lawan-nni umnen d akken igeliden d tardeft n igennawen. Degmi sen-tettunefk tgelda deg igenni, ayen ara d-inin, yiwen ur yezmir ara ad ten-yesklelli. Wa yeqqar-asen nek d mmi-s n Dzus, am umefrur Alexandṛus Umiggas, ulama netta yegled di tallit tahillinit. Imedyazen, nutni llan diγen smuzgun-asen aṭas Yegrikkiyen, imi ssnen tameslayt, ssnen ad cnun γef tmurt, γef terwest, γef urigu n ddunit. Degmi di tallit-nni taṛkayit, Igrikkiyen ḥemmlen aṭas Hisyudus d Humiṛus. Ladγa Humiṛus, d wayen yecna iselmaden Yegrikkiyen i warraw-nnsen. Imi di tmucuha-nni i d-yeğğa Udissiyus d Iliada, tella aṭas n tmusni : amek ara yebnu wemdan aγeṛabu, amek ara yinig γef aman, amek ara yessufeγ abrid deg yilel, anda d-zgant tmura tibeṛaniyin, amek ttidiren Yegduden nniḍen, ladγa igduden-nni i γef d-iεedda Udissus deg Yinig-nni-ines, asmi d-yuγal di lgirra n Yulyus. Di ccna n Humirus d Hisiyudus, yella wamek ara tzerεeḍ, amek ara tleqmeḍ, amek ara tkerzeḍ, amek ara tmegreḍ, amek ara tesrewteḍ, amek ara trebbiḍ lmal, amek ara teẓẓuḍ, amek ara tgeḍ abinu; yella wamek ara tebnuḍ axxam, amek ara tgeḍ syaγa, amek ara tesfsiḍ uzal d uxulxu, amek ara tmesleḍ afexxaṛ… Imedyazen-agi, ladγa sin-agi, d lakkul n Yegrikkiyen. Imedyazen-agi i wumi qqaren Iyadiyen, ccnan ula γef uriggu n ddunit, γef tlallit n igennawen neγ idiyusen, γef wansi d-yekka wemdan… Llan diγen igguramen, wagad iqerben s igennawen, wagad yettkacafen, yeẓran d acu ara yeḍrun γer zdat. Atnad ihi tlata yemdanen i yeṭṭfen tidett di tallit taṛkayit.

Deg lqern wis-VII zwar tallit-agi-nneγ, Igrikkiyen snulfan-d tačiṭa. Tačiṭa-yagi sbedden-tt γef leqwanen n wemdan. Kksen leqwanen n igenwan, gan leqwanen-nnsen. Deg imiren Igrikkiyen uγalen d ikiwisen. S tčiṭa-nni i d-snulfan, snulfan-d lpulitik. Syen gerrwen, ttmeslayen ger-asen γef ddunit-nnsen d wayen iccudden γer-s. Snulfan-d taγdemt neγ tidikkit. Sulun, asmi yuγal d aqerru n tčiṭa n Watinay, yekkes ttaṛ. Yesufγ-d lqanun d akken m ara ineγ yiwen wayeḍ, ur ilaq ara tafamilt n widak-nni akken i wumi nγan ad d-rren ttaṛ imawlan. Tamgerṭ tuγal d taluft n tmetti, d taluft n teγdemt.

Maca di lqeṛn-nni n wis-VI zwar tallit-agi-nneγ, fγen-d diγenna ifizikiyen. Wiggi d imusnawen i wumi sawalen « Imusnawen zwar Sukṛatis ». Imusnawen-agi llan deg-sen wagad i ittwasnen am Dimukrittus, Hiṛaklittus, Ṭalis, Piṭagurus, Hipikṛatis, Parminidis, atg. Imusnawen-agi, ula d nutni uran γef wurbi d urigu n ddunit. Maca wiggi, mačči am Hisyudus d Humiṛus, εeṛḍen ad fehmen s tmusni tafrart amek i tebna ddunit-agi, amek i d-yusa wemdan γer-s. Ṭalis yenna kulci yekka-d seg waman; Hiṛaklitus yenna kulci yekka-d di tmes, Paṛminidis, netta yenna d akken kulci yusa-d deg warya d waman d wakal… M d Dimukrittus, netta yenna d akken kulci yusa-deg uṭumus.

S imusnawen-agi ikecmen yegrikkiyen annar n tmusni, maca tamusni tagrikkit tewweḍ s igenni asmi yekcem lqeṛn wis-V zwar tallit-agi-nneγ. Lqeṛn i wumi qqaren « Tallit taklasikkit » neγ « Tallit n Piriklis », anda tatṛajiddit d tfiluẓufit ufrarent-ed dayen kan, ladγa di tallit n Plaṭunus.

Di lqeṛn wis-V zwar tallit-agi-nneγ, Igrikkiyen, ladγa Itnayiyen ufraren-d sennig tmura meṛṛa. Ulac aḥric i ttun. Uγalen ğğehden di kulci, ama di lpulitik, ama di tẓuri, ama tmusni. Tačiṭa n Watinay tuγal d taripublikt tameqqrant, tuγal maḍi d tamanaγt n umaḍal agerakali. S kra n win iran ad yelmed ad iṛuḥ γer tčiṭa n Watinay.

Tilelli tagrikkit

Si zik, Igrikkiyen ttran tilelli. Maca di lqern wis-V, asmi d-zeḍmen fell-asen Ifeṛsiyen akken ad sen-kksen tamurt-nnsen, deg imiren, Igrikkiyen, s tidett, ukin s wazal amuqran i tela tlelli. Di lgirra-nni ger-asen d Ifeṛsiyen, iban-d wemgarad yellan gar sin yegduden-agi. Agdud afeṛsi yummen kan s ugellid-nni amuqran afeṛsi i yegelden fell-as. Yejna zdat-s. S yes-s i yettgalla. Agellid-agi yetteg akken i s-yehwa. Ulac akk d acu neγ win i yezemren ad s-yeg tilas. Ma d agdud Agrikki, netta, γas akken yeṭṭef di tlelli, yella wayen yerra sennig-s, sennig tlelli-nni. Yella wayen yerra sennig kullec. Wagi d Lqanun. Γer Yegrikkiyen, lqanun yekka-d ula sennig igelliden. Ḥaca lqanun ittagaden Yegrikkiyen. Anect-agi, yella di tudrin n Leqbayel. Ulac ayen yellan sennig lqanun n taddart. Win t-yeṛzan, ad ixelleṣ neγ ad yeffeγ di ttufiq. Ulac win i yezemren ad yerwel i lqanun n taddart. Degmi qarren zik-nni : « Nekni meẓẓiyit, lecγal n taddart muqrit. »

Igrikkiyen n zik, werğin ten-yeseqdec wegdud nniḍen, imi ssnen d acu i d azal n tlelli. Ula d Iṛumaniyen, asmi kecmen tamurt tagrikkit di lqern wis-II zwar tallit-nneγ, xas ugaren-ten deg imenγi, maca, ugmen-d γer-sen tamusni. Akken qqaren Iṛumaniyen ṛuḥen ad slemden Igrikkiyen, tagara ufan iman-nsen d inelmaden. Ugmen-d γer-sen ula d azal n tlelli. M ara ten-tawḍeḍ γer tlelli-nnsen, ur ttagwaden ara, ur ttwexiṛen ara ula zdat n igennawen-nnsen. Tecfam akw γef Udissus, asmi ira ad yuγal γer wexxam-is. Iqubel urfan n Neftun, agellid n Yilel. Ur t-yugad ara. Ur s-yekni yara. Akka igan Yegrikkiyen. Werğin jnan zdat yegduden nniḍen. Snulfan-d leqwanen yelhan i s ara idirren akkenni, ṭṭfen deg-sen, ttagwaden-ten, ttnaγen fell-asen, ṭafaren-ten akken iwata. Akken qarren, agdud i wumi igelzen leqwanen-ines, i t-yeggunin d Taṭiranit. Leqwanen n tmurt n Tegrikt mačči d uguren, leqwanen n tmurt n Tegrikt sdarayen tdikit* neγ taγdemt d tlelli.

Anect-agi, ur t-nettaf ara γer yegduden nniḍen. Di Maṣer, kulci ibedd i lmend n Fareun. Kulci d ayla-ines : ama d tamurt, ama d imdanen-is. Yeqqar-asen maḍi i wegdud-ines d akken netta d mmi-s n ugennaw, ma mačči d netta i d agennaw maḍi. Akkagi akw igan yegduden n usammar, Ifeṛsiyen, Icinwayen, Aeṛaben… D tagi i d tissirit-nnsen. Γer-sen yella ugellid amuqran, yella sselṭan, yella lewzir, yella nnbi, yella Ṛebbi… Annect-agi, mazal-it ar ass-a. Agellid n Lmeṛuk, akken ad yeqqim i lebda γef atṛun, mazal yeqqar-as i wegdud-ines d akken netta yefruri-d di nnbi. Γer Yegrikkiyen, ulac annect-agi, yella kan Lqanun. Akken qarren Ilaṭiniyen : Lqanun yeweeṛ, maca d lqanun.

Atah d acu i yewwin imezdaγ n Atinay akken ad sallin taripublikt d tdimukṛatit di tčiṭa-nnsen. Taṛipublikt tebna γef Leqwanen. D nutni i d tidett. Snulfan-d tadimukṛatit, tagelda n umeslay, imi si zik γer-sen tagrawt anda gerrwen, ttmeslayen, ttdukklen, beggsen akw i wayen yellan, ama i talwit, ama i lgirra. Assagini, akk timura yenernin, timura yeṛwan, d tidak-nni d-yugmen di tsirit n Atinay, d tidak-nni i yegan ayen gan Yegrikkiyen n zik. Timura, anda ameslay yela azal, anda llant tseqquma, anda tella tlelli n umeslay. Di tmura yenernin, yal akiwis* yezmer ad d-yefk ṛṛay-is. Di tmura tiṭiraniyin, yiwen mačči yezmer ad d-yehdeṛ « Yenna-d Ṛebbi », « yenna-d nnbi », « yenna-d ugellid », « yenna-d sselṭan », « yenna-d ccix », « yenna-d uğaddeṛmi… » Igduden n tmura-yagi werğin llant tisequma deg umezruy-nnsen, werğin gerwen, werğin meslayen ger-asen. Yiwen kan i yettmeslayen deg wemkan-nnsen. Igrikkiyen ttran ameslay. Win ur d-nheddren ara γer-sen, winna qarren-as ur yenfie ara. Akken qarren Leqbayel m ara yilli yiwen d asusam, werğin d-yefki ṛṛay-is di tseqquma, qarren-as : « Winna am win yernan turett i texxamt. »

Lqeṛn wis-V agrikki

Awal n Tfiluẓufit yekka di tmeslayt tagrikkit « Philosophia » Philo : amdakkel neγ win iḥemmlen, Sofia : tamusni. Ifiliẓufiyen igrikkiyen bdan anadi γef iberdan yessufuγen γer tidett. Maca yal afiluẓuf d acu n webrid i d-yewwi. Γef wayagi i guten iberdan neγ teskula n tfiliẓufit, γef wayagi i ttemgaraden ger-asen wagad iḍefren tamusni-yagi.

Tamurt n Tegrikt d dduḥ n Tifiluẓufit. Syen teffeγ γer tmefrurt n Ṛuma, syen sakkin tuγ akk ddunit, ladγa tama n umalu n umaḍal, am Yuṛupa, ladγa di tallit i wumi qarren « Tallit n tafat. »

Tafiluẓufit tlul di tmurt n Tegrikt ger lqern wis-VI d wis-V zwar tallit-agi-nneγ. Di leqrun-agi i d-tenulfa di tidmi neγ di tlugust tallaγant. Syen i d-tebda tmusni tafrart, tagi i γ-d-yewwḍen ass-agi. Imusnawen igrikkiyen snulfan-d tamusni tamaynut mgal tamusni taqdimt, tinna yebnan γef tmucuha d ddin. Llan deg-sen wagad musnawen aṭas, am Plaṭunus d Arisṭutilis. Maca Tafiluẓufit tella γer yegduden meṛṛa, ula d widak-nni i wumi qarren Yegrikkiyen « Ibaṛbaṛen », maca di tmurt n Tegrikt i tt-uran, i s-gan leqwanen, i tt-feṣlen, i s-fkan udem-agi tella akka tura.

Lpulitik, tadimukṛatit d tkiwisit

Imi llan yegduden nniḍen fkan ṛṛay i igelliden-nnsen ttgen ayen i sen-yehwan, Igrikkiyen nutni, snulfan-d tadimukṛatit : ṛṛay i wegdud. Yal amezdaγ n tčiṭa n Watinay, ma yedda-d di tesγart, yezmer ad yuγal d amṛayi γef tčiṭa-ines. Yerna yal tikkelt m ara d-tger tesγart yiwen ukiwis atinayi, issefk-as ad d-yefk leḥsab i ikiwisen itinayiyen. Yerna diγen win d-tger tesγart akken ad iṛṛay, ur yettεeṭṭil ara. Mi ixdem ciṭuḥ, ilaq-as ad yeğğ amkan-is. Maca ṛṛay ur ttikkin ara deg-s ibeṛaniyen, iseklafen d tlawin.

Agad yeṭṭfen ṛṛay d nutni i ibenun ayen akk i ilaqen i imezdaγ n tčiṭa : izuliγen, iberdan, tigerwa, idasen d wayen ttiḥwiğğen ikiwisen n tčiṭa.

Tiγdemt neγ tidikit

Yal akiwis, ma tegrit-id tesγart, izmer ad yikki di jijma γer tama n juğ. D nutni i ttigezmen tagara.

Idrimen

Di tčiṭa n Atinay i d-snulfan tipyasin n yedrimen i tikkelt tamezwarut. Snulfan-tent-id akken ad gen yis-sent lkumiṛs.

Tyaṭṛ, arti d tira

Di tyaṭr neγ deg umezgun agrikki yella kulci. Yella udiskuṛ, lmuzigga, aceqquf neγ lmaṣk, ikkustimen, tiγawsiwin n turart d yemruran yetturaren γef tsekla. Ttgen tatṛajiddit i d-yettalsen γef tallit n ihuṛiyen, imyura dγa yettwasnen deg warti-agi neγ di tnaẓurt-agi, llan Ayxuluṣ, Sufuklus d Uripidus. Ar tama n tetṛajiddit tella tkumiddit : tagi d ticeqqufin n teḍsa, anda imyuraren sfuttuyen deg ikiwisen n tčiṭa, ladγa imṛayen-is. Deg warti-agi amyaru yettwasnen aṭas d Arisṭufanus.

Ar tama n Tyaṭr, llan diγen yirxitktunen akk d wid yettzewiqen ixxamen n baylek, am yegṛafusen neγ yeskulftuṛen : wid isebγen d wid yessalayen igelma. Llan sin inaẓuren ttwasnen aṭas di teskulftuṛt, wiggi d Fidyas d Pṛaksitilis. Asmi yesulli Piriklis takrupulist n Atinay, d Fidyas i iyefren d ccaf n twuri.

Uraren n Ulampus

Igrikkiyen d nutni i d-yesnulfan uraren n Ulampus. D nutni i d-yesnulfan leqwanen n wuraren-agi. Uraren-agi ttillin-d di tmurt n Tegrikt yal 4 ssnin. M ara d-awḍen wuraren-agi, ttawin-d talwit. Ma tella lgirra, tḥebbes, ḥacama fukken wuraren-agi.

Tibbibliyuttikkin

Zwar Igrikkiyen, ulac ixxamen anda igduden jemεen libriwat-nnsen. D nutni i d-yesnulfan tibbibliyuttikkin.

Tafiluẓufit d tmusni

Ulama Plaṭunus d Arisṭutilis snulfan-d tafiluẓufit tatrart, maca amgared-nnsen yegla-d s waṭas n nfeε i tmusni tagrikkit. Plaṭunus, adyalistikki, winna yettwalin s igenni; ma d Aristitulis, netta d ariyalistikki, winna yettwalin γer lqaεa, ayen yellan, ayen ibanen.

Taskula n tfiluẓufit tagrikkit – Tallit zwar-Sukṛatis (Tallit taṛkayit)

Tazwara tella teskula n ifiluẓufen zwar-Sukṛatis. Tagi tebda-d di tegzirin n Yiyunya d tegzirt n Sisilya di tlemmast n lqern -VII almi d tallit n Sukṛatis. Γas ma llan kra n ifiluẓufen yeddren di tallit-nni n Sukṛatis, maca sawalen-asen ifiluẓufen zwar-Sukṛatis imi mazal ṭṭfen di tikta-nni d-snulfan ifizikiyen imezwura.

Taskula tis-I d taskula n Tanyunit. Ger ifiluẓufen n tsukla-yagi yella Ṭalis n Militus, Hiṛaklitus d Anaksiminis. Ifiluẓufen n tskula-yagi, nutni, ttnadin s wacu i γef yebna wurbi. Yal yiwen deg-sen d acu i d-yufa. Ṭalis yeqqar d akken kulci yekka-d deg waman, Anaksiminis, netta, yeqqar kulci yusa-d deg warya. Hiṛaklitus, γas akkenni mačči n tegzirin n Yiyunya, maca qnen-t imusnawen γer tsukla tanyunit. Hiṛaklitus, netta, yekka-d di Yifisu. Γur-es, kulci yeffeγ-d di tmes. Hiṛaklitus yenna-yas : « Kulci yettmettat, kulci yettεeddi. »

Tasukla tis-II n tfiluẓufit-agi tamezwarut, qarren-as Tasukla n taṭalikkit : wiggi d ifiluẓufen igrikkiyen yettidiren di tmurt n Ṭelyan, ladγa di tegzirt n Sisilya, am Umpiduklus. Taskula taṭalikkit yesnulfa-tt-id Piṭagurus. Ifiluẓufen-agi d nutni i d-yennan i tekkelt tamezwarut d akken iṭij yeṭṭef talemmast n kosmos. Umpiduklus yuffa d akken ddunit tga s 4 ilemten : aman, arya, times d wakal. Umpiduklus, γer-s, d tayri d lkeṛh i γef ibedd kulci.

Taskula tis-III d taskula n talyatikt. Yella ger-asen Gzinufanis, Paṛminidis d Zinun n Ilya. D waggini i d-yesnulfan tadidaktit. Wiggini d nutni i yeqqaren : Ulac d acu i d-yekkan deg ulac; ulac d acu i d-yebdan, ulac d acu ara i yfakken.

Tasukla tis-IV d tasukla taṭumust. Win musnawen aṭas di teskula-yagi d Dimukriṭus. D wiggi i d-yuffan aṭumus.

Tasukla tis-VI d tasukla taṣufismit. Wiggi ttfiluzufiyen γef kulci, mačči γef wurbi kan. Ger wid yettwasnen deg-sen llan Pṛuṭaguras d Guṛgyas. D wigi i d imenza i d-yesnulfan tadinṭulujit1 neγ titekt2.

Tallit n Sukṛatis (Tallit taklaṣikkit)

Tallit n Sukṛatis tebda di lqern wis-V zwar tallit-nneγ.

Tasukla tis-I d tasukla takkadimit. Tasukla-yagi d tin d-yesnulfa Plaṭunus. D anelmad n Sukṛatis. Plaṭunus netta yettnadi iberdan i ilaq ad yeḍfer wemdan akken ad yuγal yelha. Awal amenzu n Sukṛatis : « Issin iman-ik s yiman-ik. » – Sukṛatis yesexdem aṭas tamiṭudit tadidaktit. Mara yettmeslay d wayeḍ, ad t-yesteqsay, winna nniḍen ad s-d-yettara. Sukṛatis sawalen-as « lqibla », imi yessen ad yessirew allaγen.

Tasukla tis-II d tasukla n tlikit. Tasukla-yagi yesnulfa-tt-id Arisṭutilis. Arisṭutilis yumen kan s wayen yellan. Netta, γer-s amdan, mačči d lmektub i t-yesselhuyen, maca dayen kan i ixeddem. D netta i s-yennan : « Amdan d lmal afiluẓufi ».

Tallit tallinistikt

Asmi yekfa tallit taklaṣikkit, tamurt n Tegrikt tekcem di tallit talliniskit. Di tallit-agi llant diγen waṭas n teskula.

Taskula tis-I d taskula tasṭuyikkit. Isṭuyiken d aggad yettseniden γer lḥiḍ, ttṛağğun, neγ ma tram d agad ur nettayes ara. S tlaṭinit sawalen-as i tfiluẓufit-agi Patientia. Wiggi qarren d akken amdan issefk-as ad yeddu akken ddan waman.

Taskula tis-II d taskula tapikurit. Tagi yesnulfa-tt-id Ipikurus. Qarren-as diγen tafiluẓufit n wurtan. Ipikkur yeqqar d akken amdan akken ad yaf iman-is, ur s-ilaq ara ad yettagwad lmut. D netta i d-yeğğan awal-nni : « Lmut ulac-itt γer-nneγ, imi m ara nilli, nettat ulac-itt, m ara tilli, nekwenni ulac-aγ. »

Taskula tis-III d taskula taskiptikt. Win ttcukkun di kulci. Γer-sen ulac d acu i yellan. Γer-sen amdan ur yezmir akk ad yennal tidett, imi tezga txuṣ. Awal-nnsen : « Ayen kan i ilaqen ! » – Γer-sen iḥulfuyen n wemdan ur sawḍen ara akken ad wallin tidett akken tella, iḥulfuyen-nneγ zgan ttakren-aγ. Ulac win isekden akken ilaq, ulac win isselen akken ilaq…

Ger tsekula-yagi meṛṛa, tella tsukla takinikit. Tinna i d-yesnulfa ufiluẓuf, deg wesseggwas 390 zwar tallit-agi-nneγ, Antistanis neγ Antistan (- 444/-365) wuγer yelmed Dyuginis neγ Dyujan (-413/-327).

Antistan yella d anelmad n Sukṛatis. Asmi yemmut uselmad-ines, iṛuḥ yezdeγ di Kinuẓargis, anda iqebblen « Igrikkiyen » ur nellin ara d iseklafen, maca diγen mazal ur wweḍin ara d ikiwisen. Γef wayagi dγa i sen-nsemman i inelmaden-ines Ikiniken. Antistan yettawi yid-es aεekkwaz, s kra n win d-yusan γer-s akken ad yeselmed, a t-iwwet. Ulac akk win i izemren ad t-iqerreb, ala yiwen. Wagi d Dyujan n Sinupi. Asmi yebγa ad iγer γer Antistan, iḍefr-it. Acḥal n tikkelt i t-iwwet Antistan s uεekkwaz ar uqerruy, maca Dyujan yegguma ad yerr aḍar. Yiwen wass isuγ fell-as Antistan : « Keččini waqila yeqqur uqerruy-ik ? » – Yerra-yas Dyujan, yenna-yas : « Yeqqur ugar aεekkwaz-nni-inek. » – Dγa deg wass-nni yewwi-t Antistan. Atah wamek yuγal Dyujan d anelmad n Antistan.

Ifiluẓufen ikiniken ttnadin uṭarkiya, tudert anda amdan izmer i iman-is, yettidr s wayen yuhwağ kan d wayen yesεa. Degmi Antistan yelmed γer Sukṛatis, am netta, yummen d akken tudert yelhan tettekk-ed di tudert tafessast, tudert anda amdan yelha kan d wayen t-yegzan, neγ d wayen yellan deg-s. Ayen akk d-yettasen si beṛṛa, ayen ur d-nekkin ara seg-s, winna ulac win i izemren ad t-ibeddel. Degmi yal yiwen ilaq-as ad yesteqneε s wayen yesεa. Asmi steqsan Antistan, nnan-as : « D acu i ilaqen ad tyeg wemdan akken ad yuγal yelha ? » – Yenna-yasen Antistan : « Ilaq-as ad yelmed γer wid yessnen amek ara ineγ deg iman-is ayen n ddir. »

Llan diγen wagad yuran d akken Ikiniken, semman-asen akkagi γer yeqjan. Imi s tegrikkit Aqjun qarren-as « kunes ». Imi Antistan yettidir am aqjun. Antistan, am Dyujan, yettmeslay εinnani, ur yettesteḥi ara; iḍerreg, yettbecic deg uzniq; itett kulci; itett ula d aksum azegzaw. Ur ten-d-tecqi yara akk di medden. Atah acimmi i sen-sawalen i Ikiniken iqujan. Akken qarren Leqbayel m ara wallin yiwen ur yeḥṛif ara, qarren-as : « Anda i itett i iḍerreg. » Maca Ikiniken, ma ttmeslayen akkagi, nutni iswi-nnsen mačči d tifuḥit n yimi. Ikiniken ma yella ttzeggiden ameslay, ttgen-t akken kan ad rren s imukan-nnsen wagad yettzuxxun, wagad yesemγaren iman-nnsen d wagad yeččuṛen d nnefxa.

Llan diγen wid d-yeqqaren d akken semman-asen ikiniken, imi ttγimin deg yiwen wemkan i wumi qarren « Kunilos », anda ttnejmaεen yiḍan. Am Lycée, anda ttnejmaεen waluben i wumi qarren s tegrikkit « Lycaon », dinna i yeselmad Arisṭutilis.

Antistan γur-es acebbub, ur yessirid ara, yerna yettlussu lqec icergen. Yiwen wass yeqqim di tegrawt, akken kan iwala Sukṛatis iteddu-d, iga akka iqeεed akkebbuḍ-is, isekn-ed ijifer n ukkebbud-nni-ines, winna akkenni i icergen. Imuql-it Sukṛatis, yenna-yas : « Effer ijifeṛ-ik yeqersen, baṛka zzux, a Antistan ! ».

Dyuginis neγ Dyujan akiniki

Dyuginis n Sinupi neγ Dyuginis akiniki d netta akk i ittwasnen deg teskula-yagi takinikit. Fell-as akk i yuran aṭas imusnawen d yemyura. Ulac win ur t-nessin ara di tmurt n Attikus. Dyuginis yettidir di beṛṛa, am Antistan, yettlussu akkebbuḍ, yettawi yid-es aεekkwaz d tmuziṭ neγ tajelabt yettεeliq ar wemgeṛḍ-is. Dyuginis yekṛeh tudert n imeṛkantiyen, iḥemmel tudert tafessast. Dyuginis ulac akk d acu i yesεa. deg yiḍ, yeggan sdaxel n tbettit. Sawalan-as diγen Yetnayiten « Dyuginis aqjun ».

Dyuginis γur-es iles qeṭṭiε. Yettmeslay εinnani, yesfuttuy εinnani ula deg imuqranen. Ulac win i iyettaggwad. yekkat ula deg umefrur Aliksandṛus Umiggus, agellid n Makidunya. Asmi i d-yusa a t-iwali, yuffa-t-id yeseḥmay iṭij. Ibedd zdat-es, yenna-yas : « Suter-d akk ayen triḍ, ad k-tefkeγ, a Dyuginis. » – Yenna-yas Dyuginis : « Wexxer γef yiṭij-iw ! » – Plaṭunus, asmi testeqsan inelmaden-is : « D acu i twallaḍ di Dyuginis ? » – yenna-yasen Plaṭunus : « Dyuginis d Sukṛatis yeffeγ leεqel ».

Dyuginis d mmi-s n Ikisyus. Ikizyus γur-es lbanka di Sinupi. Baba-s n Dyuginis, asmi teṭṭfen ixeddem idrimen isekkaken, wwin-t γer lḥebs, ma d Dyuginis, netta, yerwel γer Atinay. Sinikus, afiluẓuf alaṭini, yura γef Dyuginis d akken yettlussu akebbuḍ (Tribon), iteddu ḥafi, yeggan sdaxel n tbettit tamuqrant. Dyuginis yettidir swayen s-d-ttakken inelmaden-is. Ticki ur yesεi ara inelmaden, ad tafeḍ yettmetra. Dyuginis yettmetra. Wallan maḍi yettmetra igelma. Asmi testeqsann nnan-as : « Amek armi, a Dyuginis tettmetraḍ igelma n wedγaγ d umaṛmaṛ ? » – Yenna-yas : « Akken ad aγeγ tanumi d tagwayin ». – Maca akken t-seγren imestaren-ines, yettidir s cwiṭ. Degmi yibbwas, iwala yiwen wegrud itess aman deg urrawen-is, dγa iga akka, iwwet afus-is γer tjellabt-is, yekkes-d afenğal-nni i deg i itess akken, iḍeggeṛ-it. Yenna-yas : « Imi zemreγ ad sweγ deg urrawen-iw am wegrud-inna, ayγer ara ttawiγ yid-i afenğal ? »– Γas akkenni d afiluẓuf amuqran, Dyuginis ilemmed ula γer iggurdan.

Yiwen wass, Dyuginis yeṭṭef aγeṛabu, yunag γer tegzirt n Aygina, ṭṭfen-ten Ipiṛaten, dγa zenzen-t d aseklaf γef Kurintus. Imi t-ṭṭfen di ssuq, iqerb-ed yiwen umeṛkanti akken ad t-isiwem, maca uqbel ad yemsewaq d ipiṛaten-nni t-id-yewwin, yesteqsa Dyuginis, yenna-as : « D acu i tesneḍ ad txedmeḍ ?  » – yenna-yas Dyuginis : « Ssneγ ad geldeγ γef yergazen. »- Degmi i yeεğeb i wemeṛkanti-nni, iga akka yuγ-it, yerra-yas tilelli-ines.

Aṭas diγen i yuran yemyura γef lmut-ines. Llan wagad i yuran d akken Dyuginis yemmut degmi i t-yečča weqjun. Nnan d akken Dyuginis yuffa aqjun itett iγes, iṛuḥ ad s-id-yekkes akken ad t-yečč, dγa yečča-t-id weqjun. Syen sakkin yemmut. Llan wagad yuran d akken yiwen wass yemxaṭar, yečča aqirniḍ d azegzaw, iweḥl-as, dγa yemmut.

Dyuginis yemmut di Kurintus. Uqbel ad yemmet yenna-yasen i imdukkal-is ḍeggret-iyi ar ugudu. Maca imdukkal-is ur s-uγen ara awal, neṭlen-t, rnan sullin-as tastilit s umeṛmaṛ n Paṛus, zewqen-tt s ufella s ugelma n weqjun. Uran sufella n umeṛmaṛ-nni :

Ula d axulxu ikennu i tewser n wesru,

Maca, isem-ik, a Dyuginis, ula d lebda ur tmeḥḥu.

Imi ḥaca keččini, i d-yeseknen i imdanen, d acu i d tilelli,

D tudert yelhan d-yezgan deg yixef n webrid iqeεden i tikli.

[1] Tadintulujit : n tagrikit grec Déontologia (FR: Déontologie). 

[2] Titekt : n talatinit Ethicus/Etica (FR: Morale). 

Ameziane Kezzar / Mohand Lounaci

(Amagrad-a yeffeɣ tikkelt tamezwarut di usmel: marenostrumarcadia)